A member of the independent commission for overseeing the implementation of constitution, Mohammad Aref Hafez in an exclusive interview with The Kabul Times said, “Constitution is recognized as the most important bail and legislative document of a country.”
Constitution of a country indicates political principles, structures, economic system position, political power limit, flag and other different points which have to come intoeffect by any Afghan in a bid to create a friendship and brotherhood environment, he further said.
Constitution was approved by the consensus in January 2004 after the 2003 loyajirga. It consists of 162 articles and was officially signed by Hamid Karzai on January 26, 2004.
Afghanistan’s constitution consists issues which result in bolstering national unity among the people, territorial integrity, fighting injustice and anarchism, and some others which guarantee bright future of the country and the residents’ rights. Therefore, all Afghans are obliged to follow the constitution as a national obligation.
Congratulating the national week of constitution, Hafez said that fortunately the people of Afghanistan could access such a unique constitution after centuries. “We are really proud of having such a law of the land,” he added.
But according to three forces of the country, all functions have been doing so far in the field of good governance, have been based on constitution, he went on to say.
For instance, rule of law, democracy, sharia and other points are the constitution predicted principles, he continued.
As the government of Afghanistan has predicted the budget structure and the three forces (legislative, executive and judicial) and we have witnessed how they have been so far practiced, he added.
For example, the constitution says that Afghanistan’s parliament should begin working after announcement of parliamentarian election results at the end of fifth year.
According to legislators, it was predicted in constitution’s Loya Jirga that the parliamentary elections should be completed at the end of fourth year and it should start working at the beginning of fifth year.
Thus, this is the president’s responsibility to oust anyone who violates the law and replace him with a person who observes the law.
On sending reports to president, Mr. Hafez said we would send our reports to president at the end of each year.
Jan 4-11 is the country’s national week of constitution, which was approved by an emergency Loya Jirga – Afghanistan traditional advisory meeting in 2003.
The country’s constitution comprises 12 chapters including state, main rights of the country’s citizens, the president, National Assembly, Loya Jirga, cases, management, emergency situations, amendment and miscellaneous, and has 162 articles.
Three forces are constitutionally set to apply and monitor the contents of the constitution.
As, article 64 of the constitution requires the president how to observe the way for applying of the constitution, while the article 121 of the constitution wants the court to oversee how other laws including those of the interstates conventions, legislative comply with the constitution.